DSLRs and mirrorless cameras, often known as a mirrorless interchangeable-lens cameras, or MILCs, or DSLM are 2 popular types of digital cameras. Basically, the biggest difference between a mirrorless cameras and DSLR models is the camera reflex finder. This is essentially the camera viewfinder system, what the photographer looks through to compose and focus the picture. In a reflex finder system, a mirror is placed behind the lens. The mirror reflects the light passing through the lens to a focusing screen. When a photographer wants to take a photo, the mirror moves out of the way for exposure allowing the light to hit the sensor.
DSLM cameras, in contrast, do not have this mirror system. Subsequently, the lenses can be placed closer to the camera. This basically means high-quality lenses do not need to be as big as they are in DSLR models, which means that the cameras themselves and the lenses are much smaller.
DSLR Camera Pros
When a photographer looks into the viewfinder of a DSLR camera, they can say exactly what is going to be captured. This is a huge advantage, as with MILCs photographers have to rely on ‘live’ LCD screens at the back of the camera or electronic viewfinders to capture the image.
Speed is also a huge advantage of DSLR cameras. They focus quickly, even in low lighting, making it easy to capture fast moving subjects. They also allow for fast zooming. There are more lenses and more camera equipment specifically designed for DSLRs.
DSLM Camera Pros
The most obvious advantage of mirrorless cameras is their small size. In fact, many models aren’t much larger than traditional point-and-shoot models. Because they are smaller, they are much more discreet than a DSLR. If you are trying to capture candid shots, carrying a small MILC is much easier than wielding a DSLR with a huge lens. And because lenses are much smaller, it is easier to bring numerous different lenses along on a photo shoot. In addition, compared to DSLR cameras, MILCs have fewer moving parts. This makes them much sturdier and a bit less prone to damage. MILCs are also quieter upon shutter activation, as there is no moving mirror.
There’s no getting around it, DSLRs are bulky when we talk about DSLR vs DSLM. The primary disadvantage is their size. They are much heavier than MILCs cameras and hard to carry discretely. The lenses are also big, so carrying around a bunch of different lenses isn’t always a feasible possibility. It can also be a bit complicated to learn because of all of their different buttons and features.
Mirrorless Camera Cons
MILCs are pretty new players on the professional camera scene. While the technology behind them has improved in recent years. And because they are new, prices are still pretty high.
When it comes to MILCs, there are several limitations in regards to lenses. MILC lens choices are much more limited. The lenses also tend to be quite expensive. MILC photographers have to rely on ‘live’ LCD screens at the back of the camera capture the image. They have a slower focus speed. This means that you could potentially run into some issues when trying to capture a fast moving shot.